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The Tabun Cave is a prehistoric site – A Neanderthal cave!
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The Tabun Cave is a prehistoric site – A Neanderthal cave!

The Tabun Cave is a prehistoric site – A Neanderthal cave!

Tour travel guide

The Tabun Cave is a prehistoric site located in Israel, near Zichron Yaacov and Fureidis not far from Haifa District of Israel. . The cave is known for the discovery of Neanderthal remains, which were found there in the 1930s by archaeologist Dorothy Garrod. These remains, along with other artifacts and tools found in the cave, have provided important insights into the lives and culture of Neanderthals and have helped to shed light on the early history of human evolution.

The Tabun Cave is one of a number of prehistoric sites in the region, and it is believed to have been used by Neanderthals for a variety of purposes, including as a place to live and as a site for carrying out activities such as hunting and foraging for food. The cave contains several layers of sediment, which have allowed researchers to study the changes in Neanderthal culture and behavior over time. The Tabun Cave is a significant site for the study of human evolution and has contributed greatly to our understanding of the history of our species.

The route of the ancient man caves, including audio-visual vision

A circular geological route
The Ancient Man’s Trail – a tour route that climbs the stairs and goes up to the entrance of the Tabun cave named after the opening in its ceiling. The first excavations in this cave were conducted in 1927, led by researcher Dorothy Garrod. Today a delegation from the University of Haifa is excavating the cave, and the excavation is done in layers that are about 20 meters deep. The route continues to the camel cave, so called because its shape resembles a hump.

It is possible that an activity of raw material processing was carried out in the Camel Cave. In this cave there are exhibits that illustrate the nature of life in the various prehistoric periods. In the next cave on the route, the river cave (al-Wad), there is a spacious entrance hall, and at the end a narrow corridor that is about 70 meters long. In front of the front of the cave stretches a wide rock step. Most of the findings in the cave belong to the culture known as Aurignacian (40,000 to 20,000 years before our time). The cave was abandoned for several thousand years, and when man returned to the place, the center of gravity of life moved to the entrance hall and the rock step in front of the cave (the Natopian culture, 12,000-10,000 years before our time). In this cave, an audio-visual presentation illustrating the way of life of ancient man is shown, and at the entrance there is a reconstruction of a burial site.

The botanical trail – a circular route marked with blue trail markings. The path leads east along the length of Nahal Ma’rat and climbs through dense Mediterranean vegetation on the southern side of the stream to the top of the ridge, where it passes through a natural forest of Jerusalem pine. From there it continues west to an impressive view of the Carmel beach and the sea and descends back to the starting point.

The geological trail – a circular route that climbs to the top of the northern cliff of the reserve. The path is controlled by wooden posts engraved with arrows and station numbers. From the highest point on the route there is a spectacular view towards the Carmel beach plain.

The path to Merat HaGadi – a short path leads to the easternmost prehistoric cave in Nahal Merat. Skeletons of modern man (Homo sapiens), belonging to the Mousterian culture (around 90,000 years ago) were found in the cave. This finding indicates that it is possible that a population of modern man lived in Nahal Merot next to the population of Neanderthal man, which existed in the Tabon Cave.

Kerem HaTeimanim - one of the oldest neighborhoods of Tel Aviv and a must visit!

Kerem HaTeimanim - one of the oldest neighborhoods of Tel Aviv and a must visit!

Kerem HaTeimanim, also known as the Yemenite Vineyard, is one of the oldest neighborhoods in Tel Aviv. Located in the southern part of the city, it is named after the Yemenite Jews who immigrated to Israel and settled there in the late 19th century. The neighborhood is known for its winding alleys, stone houses, and authentic Yemenite cuisine. For travelers looking to experience the local culture and history of Tel Aviv, Kerem HaTeimanim is a must-visit destination. Here are some of the top things to see and do in the neighborhood: Visit the Carmel Market - Located on the edge of Kerem Hatimen, the Carmel Market is one of the largest and most vibrant markets in Tel Aviv. It's a great place to sample local foods and buy souvenirs. Try Yemenite cuisine - Kerem HaTeimanim is famous for its Yemenite food, which includes dishes such as jachnun, malawach, and kubaneh. You can find some of the best Yemenite food in the area at the famous Shlomo and Doron restaurant. Explore the neighborhood's history - Kerem HaTeimanim has a rich history, and you can learn more about it at the Yemenite Heritage Museum. The museum features exhibits on the history of Yemenite Jews in Israel, as well as traditional Yemenite crafts and clothing. Enjoy the nightlife - Kerem HaTeimanim has a lively nightlife scene, with plenty of bars and clubs to choose from. Some of the best include Kuli Alma, a popular bar with live music and art exhibitions, and Alphabet, a speakeasy-style cocktail bar. Discover one of the best fish sandwiches in Israel at the Carmel 40 St., fish stand in Tel Aviv's Carmel Market. This hidden gem offers a perfect bun, legendary sauce, and halibut fillet that will transport you to heaven, all for just NIS 40. Shop for local products - Kerem HaTeimanim is home to a number of small shops selling handmade products such as pottery, jewelry, and textiles. One of the most popular is Sarit Simayof, a boutique selling handmade jewelry and accessories. If you're planning a trip to Tel Aviv, don't miss the chance to explore the historic neighborhood of Kerem HaTeimanim. From its winding alleys and stone houses to its rich cultural heritage and delicious food, it offers a unique glimpse into the local life and culture of Tel Aviv. Here are some hotels that are located at the area of Kerem HaTeimanim in Tel Aviv: THE POLI HOUSE design boutique hotel - THE POLI HOUSE is a modern design boutique hotel located in Tel Aviv, embodying the city's eclectic culture and design, with a prime location that immerses you in the heart of the action. 65 Hotel, Rothschild Tel Aviv - offers stylish rooms and a rooftop terrace. Brown TLV Urban Hotel - offers elegant rooms and a rooftop terrace.

Kharbat Karta Nature Reserve - Discover the Wonders of Horvat Karta Nature Reserve: A Family-Friendly Adventure in Israel's North

Kharbat Karta Nature Reserve - Discover the Wonders of Horvat Karta Nature Reserve: A Family-Friendly Adventure in Israel's North

Trip Duration: 1-2 hours Trip Type: Observation, flower trail, and historical sites Difficulty Level: Easy, suitable for all family members Accessibility: Not stroller-friendly Cost: Free of charge Location: Northern Israel - Atlit At the entrance to Atlit, you will find a short and easy trail that leads up the Kurkar ridge, offering panoramic views of the surrounding area, carved stables, and, during the blooming season, a variety of beautiful blossoming flowers. After the rains, anemones and hollyhocks bloom, while in the fall, hollyhocks create a stunning sea view. There are two starting points for the trail: Limor parking lot: This starting point features numerous picnic tables and a small ninja track-style playground for children. The trail is marked with blue and white, leading from the parking lot to the Karta ruins. You can choose to complete the full circular route, approximately 1 kilometer long, or park another vehicle at the second entry point. The trail markings will then change from blue to black for a 600-meter stretch. End of road 7110 in Afar Square: Continue straight at the square (with the climbing museum to your right) and follow the road as it curves left. After crossing the Nahal Oren estuary bridge, the trailhead will be on your left. This starting point offers a large dirt square and prominent signage from the Nature and Parks Authority. The trail is marked with black and later turns blue. You can park here and finish at the Limor parking lot, or vice versa if you have two vehicles. Kharbat Karta was declared a nature reserve in 1996 and spans 137 dunams. The reserve contains typical habitats and an archaeological site, the Detroa Fort, which is a Crusader fortress built by the Templars. The fort's strategic location connected northern coastal cities, like Acre, with southern cities, such as Caesarea. The fortress, which measured 21 x 18 meters, was surrounded by walls and featured a lower section carved out of the kurkar rock, with mines reaching up to four meters. Inside the reserve, you will find: Panoramic views from the water pool: A large concrete structure houses a former water pool, and an impressive view of the entire area can be seen from atop the structure's stairs. The view includes the Carmel Ridge and the city of Haifa to the north, the Yaakov memorial and surrounding settlements to the south, and the coastline, Atlit fortress, salt ponds, and Jessar al-Zarqa area to the south. La Detroit Fortress: This archaeological site is located within the Karta Ruins Nature Reserve and can be accessed via a short climb using pegs. Rock-engraved letters: On the ridge's eastern side, you will find the letters A and U in Phoenician script. Some believe these letters represent the first letters of the city's name, "Atlit," although this cannot be confirmed. Carved stables: On the southern side of the Kurkar ridge, you can view the stable rooms resembling large tunnels or sheds. Blooming season: From January to March, visitors can enjoy a wide array of colorful blossoms along the short trail, including cyclamen, anemones, and poppies. In autumn, the sedge blooms are especially impressive. Salt pools and flamingo observation: While in the area, don't miss the Atlit salt pools, where flamingos come to rest. To reach the reserve, use Waze app or other navigation apps: For the Limor Parking Lot, enter "Horvat Karta - Horesh Limor, Atlit." For the second entry point at the end of Road 7110, enter "Horvat Karta Nature Reserve - Atlit, North District." From Road 2, exit at the Atlit interchange and turn left or continue straight at the first square, depending on your chosen starting point.

A Unique Experience: Bird Migration in Israel

A Unique Experience: Bird Migration in Israel

Every year, hundreds of millions of birds migrate from their breeding grounds in Europe and Asia to the warmer climates of Africa and the Middle East. One of the best places to witness this incredible phenomenon is Israel, where the birds travel through the country on their way south. For any birding enthusiast, a trip to Israel is a must-see experience! The Best Time To View The Birds The best time to see bird migration in Israel is during the fall months, when most of the birds are making their way south for winter. It’s not uncommon to see large flocks of thousands of birds at once, soaring over mountains and valleys as they make their journey south. There are also plenty of opportunities to observe different types of birds as they pass through – from small songbirds, to large raptors like eagles and vultures. Where To Watch The Birds There are several great locations throughout Israel that offer amazing views of migrating birds. One popular spot is Ma'agan Michael, which is a national park located near Haifa on Israel’s northern coast. Here you can get an up close view of thousands upon thousands of seabirds flying overhead – a truly unforgettable sight! Another great spot is Kibbutz Yotvata, which offers stunning views over the Negev desert below. It’s one of the few places in southern Israel where you can easily spot both resident and migrant bird species as they pass through on their way south. Conclusion: Bird migration in Israel offers an unparalleled opportunity for birders and nature lovers alike! Whether you want to get up close and personal with seabirds or watch raptors soar high above the desert plains, there are plenty of amazing spots throughout Israel that offer breathtaking views of these majestic creatures during their annual migration southward each fall. With so many great locations offering stunning vantage points, it's no wonder that birding enthusiasts flock (pun intended) to experience this incredible event firsthand every year! So what are you waiting for? Grab your binoculars and head out for an unforgettable adventure – you won't regret it!

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